Scoliosis Side Effects: What You Need to Know

Scoliosis, a condition that affects the curvature of the spine, can be a complex condition to manage. But what are the side effects of scoliosis? And what should you do if they occur? This blog post will help answer those questions and more. Keep reading to learn more about the potential side effects of scoliosis and what you can do to treat them.

The Side Effects of Scoliosis

The side effects of scoliosis itself can be mild or severe. The most common side effects include:

1. Back Pain

Back pain is a common side effect of scoliosis. This is because the curvature of the spine can put added pressure on the back muscles and ligaments. This can cause pain and stiffness in the back and difficulty moving around. Also, people experience leg pain, neck pain, and muscle pain due to adult degenerative scoliosis.

3. Difficulty Breathing

The curvature of the spine can also cause difficulty breathing. This is because it can constrict the lungs and make it difficult to take in a full breath of air. This can lead to shortness of breath and feeling tired all the time.

5. Negative Impact On Posture

Scoliosis can also harm posture. This is because the curved spine can make it difficult to stand up straight. This can lead to back pain and fatigue.

2. Headaches

Headaches are another common side effect of scoliosis. They can be caused by the curvature of the spine itself, as well as by the muscles and ligaments that are used to support it. In some cases, headaches may signify that scoliosis is becoming more severe.

4. Joint Pain

Joint pain is another common side effect of scoliosis. The condition can put added stress on the joints, leading to pain and inflammation.

6. Issues With Balance And Equilibrium

Scoliosis can also cause issues with balance and equilibrium. The condition can affect the way that the body moves and balances itself. This can lead to falls and injuries.

These are just a few of the potential side effects of scoliosis itself without any treatment or intervention. In other words, these are conditions that may worsen as the curvature of the spine progresses. If you or your child have been diagnosed with scoliosis, it’s essential to be aware of these potential problems and monitor them on an ongoing basis.

If you notice any new or worsening symptoms, be sure to bring them to the attention of your doctor or healthcare provider right away.

The Side Effects of Scoliosis Surgery

1. Pain

Pain is the most common side effect of scoliosis surgery. It can be managed with medication, but some patients may experience chronic pain.

3. Nerve Damage

Scoliosis surgery can sometimes cause nerve damage, leading to numbness, tingling, or weakness in the arms or legs.

5. Respiratory Problems

Some patients may experience respiratory problems after scoliosis surgery, such as difficulty breathing or pneumonia. These problems can usually be treated with medication.

7. Scarring

Scoliosis surgery will leave a scar on the back. The size and location of the scar will depend on the type of scoliosis surgery performed.

2. Infection

Infection is a rare, only in serious complication of scoliosis surgery. Patients are typically given antibiotics to prevent infection.

4. Blood Clots

Blood clots are a potential complication of any surgery, and scoliosis surgery is no exception. Patients are usually given blood thinners and compression socks to prevent blood clots from forming.

6. Hardware Complications

Scoliosis surgery involves the placement of metal rods and screws in the spine by orthopedic surgeons. These metal implants can sometimes cause problems, such as pain, nerve damage, or infection.

8. Emotional Side Effects

The emotional side effects of adult scoliosis surgery can be just as challenging to deal with as the physical side effects. Some patients may feel depressed or anxious after surgery. It is essential to talk to your doctor about any emotional concerns you may have.

The Side Effects of Scoliosis Bracing

Wearing a scoliosis brace can have many side effects. The most common is skin irritation, ranging from mild to severe. The braces can also cause skeletal changes, muscle weakness, and nerve compression.

1. Skin Irritation

The most common side effect of wearing a scoliosis brace is skin irritation. This can range from mild to severe, depending on the person. The brace may rub against the skin, causing redness, soreness, or blisters. In more severe cases, the skin may break down and become infected. If this happens, it is vital to see a doctor right away.

2. Skeletal Changes

Another potential side effect of scoliosis bracing is skeletal changes. The brace puts pressure on the bones to correct the curve. Over time, this can lead to weakened bones or even deformities.

4. Nerve Compression

Scoliosis braces can also compress nerves, which can cause numbness, tingling, or even pain. In some cases, this nerve compression can be permanent.

3. Muscle Weakness

Wearing a scoliosis brace can also cause muscle weakness. This is because the muscles have to work harder to counter the pressure from the brace.

5. Emotional Side Effects

Finally, people with scoliosis who wear braces may experience emotional side effects such as body image issues and low self-esteem. This is because the brace can be visible under clothing, and some people may feel self-conscious about their appearance.

Additionally, the brace can be uncomfortable and may limit a person’s activities, leading to feelings of frustration or isolation. However, it is essential to remember that these side effects are typically temporary and will disappear once the brace is no longer worn.


1. What Are The Side Effects Of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

The side effects of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis can vary depending on the severity of the condition. In some cases, people with scoliosis may experience pain in their back or neck and fatigue. In more severe cases, people may experience problems with breathing or posture.

3. Can Scoliosis Be Prevented?

There is no sure way to prevent neuromuscular scoliosis. However, early detection and treatment of the condition can help to minimize its effects.

5. What Is Degenerative Scoliosis?

Degenerative scoliosis is a type of scoliosis that occurs as a person ages. The condition is caused by the wear and tear on the spine that happens over time. It can lead to pain and difficulty moving.

7. What Are The Risks Of Scoliosis Surgery?

The risks of scoliosis surgery vary depending on the type of surgery performed. Some risks include infection, blood loss, and nerve damage.

2. What Are The Options For Treating Scoliosis?

The options for treating scoliosis vary depending on the severity of the condition. In some mild scoliosis cases, people with scoliosis may only need to wear a back brace. In more severe cases, people may need to undergo surgery to correct the curve in their spine.

4. What Are The Long-Term Effects Of Scoliosis?

The long-term effects of scoliosis can vary depending on the severity of the condition. In some cases, people with scoliosis may only experience minor discomfort. In more severe cases, however, people with scoliosis may experience deformities in their spine, leading to pain and difficulty moving.

6. How Is Severe Scoliosis Treated?

Severe scoliosis is treated with surgery. Surgeries like spinal fusion surgery are used to correct the curve in the spinal discs and can help to improve a person’s quality of life.


While scoliosis can cause some pain and discomfort, several treatments are available to help ease these symptoms. In most cases, scoliosis does not lead to any severe health complications. However, it is essential to monitor the condition carefully, as it can sometimes progress and cause more severe problems.

If you are concerned about your child’s health or think they may have scoliosis, talk to your doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent the condition from progressing and ensure your child’s better quality of life.